Buckwheat: how to grow the most useful cereal

Buckwheat is relatively new to Americans, but it gains popularity extremely quickly. For many people this cereal has already become a pivotal part of the traditional diet for many reasons:

  • Buckwheat is a good source of protein and fiber;
  • It is rich in vitamins (especially iron), amino acids, and minerals;
  • Helps improve heart health;
  • It brings about weight loss;
  • It is a superfood for people with diabetes.

Considering all the advantages of buckwheat, no wonder you may think about growing it by yourself. But what should you consider if making such a decision? The peculiarities of growing buckwheat sprouts you will find below.

Where does buckwheat grow best?

Buckwheat is grown in nearly 24 countries, mainly in East Asia and Europa. However, you can easily grow this cereal in some US states. Among the main advantages of buckwheat is the ability to produce seed faster than any other grain crop. It loves moist, cool climates and short summers. For that reason, the American Northeast is the most suitable region to grow buckwheat in the USA.

What is good for buckwheat?

  • Temperature about 70° F;
  • Light to medium, well-drained soils;
  • Water;
  • Slightly acidic soils.

What is bad for buckwheat?

  • Frost;
  • Small cultivated area;
  • Alkaline soils.

If the land plot contains a lot of clay and is prone to acidification, you won’t get a good harvest. Buckwheat will take root only on semi-dry, loose, oxygen-and nutrient-rich soils. Sandy and silt loams are the most suitable for growing this grain.

Buckwheat isn’t a fastidious plant and can survive in a range of conditions. However, this grain can’t stand climatic extremes. If you want to grow buckwheat, frost is your biggest enemy! The recommended temperature for this cereal is between 45 – 60°F.

How deep to plant buckwheat seed?

Plant the seeds at a depth of 1,5 to 3 inches, depending on the air permeability of the soil. Make sure the seeds are sowed 2 inches apart from each other.

When the work is done, cover them with earth from above. Don’t forget about post-sowing soil rolling and soil leveling. These measures will ensure the uniform ripening of the seeds. It is recommended to take 1 pound of seeds per 300-500 square feet.

How much water does buckwheat need?

Buckwheat doesn’t like drought. That’s why it is essential to maintain steady soil moisture. In dry weather, water the cultivated area a couple of times a day. To get a good harvest, you need to find the right sun-and-shadow balance. Remember that too much hot sun can make buckwheat flowers blast or stop making seeds.

How long does it take for buckwheat to mature?

As mentioned, buckwheat is a quick-growing grain. When doing everything right, your grain will reach 2-4 feet high after a month from sowing. Germination usually happens within 4 days after seeding. Then between, 4 and 6 weeks, you will see the buckwheat bloom. If you plant seeds in spring or early summer, the cereal will reach maturity in nearly 11-12 weeks. If you choose late summer for it, you’ll need to wait for about 10 weeks.

Drawing the line

Buckwheat is definitely worth our attention. This wholesome food helps people improve health and control weight. The grain is not difficult to grow, which makes it even more appealing to farmers . However, before taking any “buckwheat-growing steps”, follow the tips mentioned in this article. This knowledge can save you time and money.